Blue carbon is the carbon carbon stored in coastal and marine ecosystems. The Blue Carbon Initiative currently focuses on carbon in coastal ecosystems - mangroves, tidal marshes, and seagrasses. Mangroves are tropical forests that thrive in salt water and found in a variety of coastal settings worldwide. Mangroves store greater amounts of carbon than any other terrestrial ecosystem,
which helps reduce carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. In Indonesia, the shrimp farming boom triggered large-scale mangrove conversion to aquacultures in this country. In 30 year around 40% of Indonesian Mangroves around its numerous
island have disappeared. Projects are being developed at sites to protect and restore coastal ecosystems for their blue carbon value. An example is the Surodadi project where attempts are made to protect the mangroves and stimulate new growth of colonies by
building protective fences that prevent the mud to flow back to sea at low at low tides. Professor Daniel Murdiyarso is one of the researchers investigating deforestation
of the Indonesia Mangroves around the island of Surodadi.
Is Indonesia able (=willing) to incorporate the Blue Carbon initiative in its financial planning? It already received 4.4. billion dollars from the UN to
bring down the massive deforestation, the major cause of its super high CO2 emissions. While the result of this investment is not yet clear, Indonesia has planned to build some dozens of new coal plants in the coming year.